What Is IVF?
In Vitro Fertilization or “IVF” is the system by which a woman’s egg (oocyte) and a male’s sperm are fertilized in an artificial environment. The subsequent embryo is then transferred back into the woman through the cervix and planted in the uterus where it will continue to develop naturally.
Am I a Candidate for IVF?
IVF has become one of the more-popular procedures used to help with a various reasons why a couple is having difficulty conceiving naturally. Below is a list of factors that IVF can help a couple overcome:
- Tubal problems such as blocked or damaged fallopian tubes.
- Low sperm count, problems with sperm function and/or motility which can inhibit sperm from fertilizing an egg on its own.
- Endometriosis, a chronic disease that affects a woman’s menstrual cycle.
- Ovulatory dysfunction
- Pelvic inflammatory disease
- Unexplained infertility
- Failure to conceive using fertility drugs.
- Severe Endometriosis
- Uterine factors or cervical mucus problems
If you are dealing with one or more of these reasons you could be a prime candidate for IVF.
Once we have performed the preliminary test and have determined that you are a candidate for IVF, there are five main steps to that will follow. This may seem overwhelming but not to worry; one of our board-certified doctors in coordination with a board-certified fertility specialist will be there with you every step of the way.
1. Ovulation Induction: After determining the schedule of your menstrual cycle, you will be asked to start taking medication that helps to trigger the development of egg follicles. This will result the production of multiple eggs. Once this treatment is started, you will be coming to the office regularly for the monitoring of your body’s response to the medication. This normally consists of an ultrasound and a blood test.
Once your results for the test determine that it is time to retrieve your eggs, you will switch medication in preparation for egg retrieval.
2. Retrieval: Is done under ultrasound guidance by Dr. Omid Khorram at his private office in Torrance, CA. (University Fertility Center). The procedure takes around 15-30 min. and your will be administered medication by an anesthesiologist to allow you to sleep through the process.
3. Collection and preparing the sperm: This process will be performed at the same time as egg retrieval at Dr. Omid Khorram’s private office.
4. Insemination of eggs and embryos culture: Is the process of combining the eggs with the sperm, and will occur immediately after the collection process. The following day you will be contacted and informed on how many eggs have been fertilized.
5. Transferring embryos to the uterus: Two days after insemination you will be asked to start taking medication call progesterone. This medication is an essential hormone in maintaining pregnancy and will be taken for up to 12 days after conception. The transfer of the eggs will take place on day 3 or 5. Your doctor will work with you to determine when the best transfer date is. The transfer process is where the fertilized embryos are place in the uterus through the cervix and is virtually painless.
After these five processes, the woman will be on bed rest for the next three days and confirmation of a pregnancy test will determine the outcome of the procedure.